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What California Can Teach America About Stopping Extremist Obstruction

by: Robert Cruickshank

Tue Jan 01, 2013 at 16:13:53 PM PST


If you read Calitics at any time between 2007 and 2010, you'd have seen a site focused on the same problem now facing the country as a whole: how to keep a government, an economy, and a society functioning in the face of Republican obstruction. The latest nonsense surrounding the so-called "fiscal cliff" shows that the House Republicans have learned well from their Sacramento counterparts. The method is the same: make Democrats do what they otherwise would not do by threatening to block passage of crucial legislation, then up the ante by rejecting initial deals and demanding even more once Democrats have shown they will make concessions to avoid the predicted disaster that comes with legislative inaction. The resulting deals were destructive to the state's economy and safety net, worsening the already bad financial and social crisis.

For a long time, Sacramento Democrats argued they had no other choice. We heard from Speakers of the Assembly and Presidents of the Senate that unless concessions were made to obtain Republican votes, budgets would not be passed and people would suffer. Republicans made good on their threats and delayed budgets - the 2008-09 budget was three months late.  Now we're watching a similar script play out in Congress.

Here in 2013, California is in a very different place - precisely because of the lessons learned from the era of Republican obstruction. Voters approved a tax increase to help schools. The state budget is headed toward surplus. Budgets are passed on time and without hostage tactics. State government is starting to become functional again.

That did not happen by accident. It happened because Democrats and progressives decided they had enough of Republican obstructionism and developed a plan to stop it for good. The plan included smarter legislative tactics, but the real keys were changes to the political process as well as an unprecedented organizing effort, all aimed at the same core goal: restoring political power to the people, not allowing it to remain concentrated in an extremist fringe.

The first step requires being honest about how politics now works. Another veteran of those California political wars, David Atkins, observed that expecting Republicans to act rationally is to misunderstand how the party operates:

The Republican electoral chips are stashed safely in gerrymandered hands, and any losses over fiscal cliffs or debt ceilings only hurt the President and the nation's perception of government. There's no downside for the GOP in bluffing every time in the hopes that the President will fold. Why not? When you're playing with house money, it makes sense to go all in on every hand.

This realization led California Democrats and progressives away from focusing on the specifics of a deal and toward the kind of process and political changes that would end the obstructionism for good. Once it was realized the problems were deeper, people started working on the lasting solutions.

In 2009, after yet another bad budget deal, progressive organizations began meeting to plan the way out. Everyone agreed that the rule requiring a 2/3 vote of the legislature to pass a budget was a key part of the problem, as it gave Republicans leverage. Getting rid of that rule became a top priority for the 2010 ballot - with majority rule, Democrats would never again have to make deals with Republicans to pass a budget.

But it was also agreed that the electorate had to be expanded. Nobody knew what kind of electorate would show up in 2010, and Meg Whitman was already making it clear she would spent as much as it took to try and win the governor's race. Public confidence in the Legislature was at an all-time low, creating conditions that Republicans could potentially have exploited to win more seats, particularly if the 2010 electorate was more conservative than the historic 2008 electorate.

So work began on mobilizing hundreds of thousands of new and infrequent voters among the progressive base. Many of these voters were people of color, and many were low income. Their values were progressive, but since Democrats and progressive organizations had generally failed to reach out to them, they were not a regular part of the electorate. The Democratic Party under its new chair John Burton and its new executive director Shawnda Westly pursued this on one track while the progressive coalition led by labor unions pursued the same goal on their own track - to be clear, this wasn't coordinated, and no laws were violated in the process.

Progressive organizations, websites like Calitics, and an increasing number of Democratic elected officials also began adopting similar messaging. They pointed out that Republicans did not share California's values, that they were willing to destroy the state to impose their extremist values on a population that did not want them, and that the only answer was to take away their power to do that. It was made clear to people that problem wasn't bad legislators unwilling to "come together" but that a group of extremists had used loopholes to block good things from happening and to cause people harm.

The result was that in 2010 California bucked the red tide that hit nationally. Democrats won huge victories, sweeping all statewide offices and taking back the governor's office by a 13-point margin. Prop 25 passed by an even larger margin, ending the annual Republican hostage tactics on the budget. This was the result of the voter mobilization efforts that had begun in 2009.

The coalition for change did not stop there. In 2012 the progressive groups continued their voter mobilization work, this time to beat back the anti-union Prop 32 and to pass the Prop 30 tax increase. That mobilization in turn helped elect a Democratic supermajority, leaving Republicans with no more political power of any kind in state government.

They were helped in their work by a late but pivotal voter registration innovation. In September 2012 the Secretary of State's office announced online voter registration was available. Over 1 million people registered online, and many of them were the younger and diverse voters that are key to a progressive future.

The supermajority victory was also enabled by a change that the Democratic and progressive groups had originally opposed. Redistricting reform passed at the 2008 election in the form of Prop 11, and was upheld by voters in 2010 when a repeal effort reached the ballot. I was one of many progressives who opposed this reform. But the work of the Citizens Redistricting Commission proved me wrong. It ended a 20-year Republican-friendly gerrymander, creating fair districts that reflected modern demographic realities. Republicans now had to defend turf that had previously been artificially safe, and as a result they lost four Congressional seats to Democrats, along with the Democratic supermajority in Sacramento.

In short, the steps to stopping Republican obstruction in California involved changing the rules and changing the electorate:

• Ending a supermajority procedural rule (Prop 25)
• Growing the electorate through massive organizing
• Making it easier to vote (online voter registration, easy access to vote-by-mail)
• Ending gerrymandering (Prop 11 redistricting commission)
• Naming the problem (calling out Republican obstruction)

To stop the extremists in the House GOP from destroying what remains of America's safety net and obtaining their dream of drowning government in a bathtub, a similar path must be followed nationally. David Atkins, now chair of the Ventura County Democratic Party, laid out the rules that need to be changed to stop extremist obstruction. Notice the similarities to the list that worked in California:

The only thing that allows Republicans to take their hostages in the first place is a series of arcane rules that give the minority undue influence. Among those rules are:

• Gerrymandered Congressional districts
• Dysfunctional filibuster rules
• Disproportionate Senate representation
• Corrupt lobbying laws
• Campaign finance laws that give outsized political influence to a few billionaires
• Archaic electoral college rules
• Discriminatory workday elections

California's problems are not solved, not by a longshot. There's still a lot of work to do to repair the damage from 35 years of a right-wing tax revolt and the inequality it helped create. But the opportunity to fix those problems now exists. The nation as a whole will not be able to overcome extremist obstructionism and have a chance to solve deeper problems until these types of changes are pursued.

Progressives should continue to pay close attention to the details of any deal in Congress, and continue to organize around them. But it's time to pursue the bigger changes that are needed to put an end to the obstruction, to fix the broken parts of the American system of government that the extremists have been exploiting.

Robert Cruickshank :: What California Can Teach America About Stopping Extremist Obstruction
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The problem (3.00 / 2)
Is that prop 11which ended gerrymandering and enabled the super-majority was OPPOSED by Calitics and by Robert himself.  

Did you not read the piece? ... (4.00 / 2)
Robert admitted that he made a mistake .. and he was pleased with the outcome

[ Parent ]
What happens in 2020? (8.00 / 1)
The GOP assumption going in to 2010 was that previous redistricting was gerrymandered to increase democratic representation when, in fact, it had been gerrymandered to protect incumbents, even though those incumbents were severely term limited.  Working with that assumption, their probably conclusion was that an "impartial" panel would redistrict and end up giving more GOP seats.

2020 will be a more important test.  Having seen what happened in 2010, what will the GOP do in 2020?  How can they skew the commission to their interests?


[ Parent ]
What happens in 2020? (0.00 / 0)
The GOP assumption going in to 2010 was that previous redistricting was gerrymandered to increase democratic representation when, in fact, it had been gerrymandered to protect incumbents, even though those incumbents were severely term limited.  Working with that assumption, their probably conclusion was that an "impartial" panel would redistrict and end up giving more GOP seats.

2020 will be a more important test.  Having seen what happened in 2010, what will the GOP do in 2020?  How can they skew the commission to their interests?


[ Parent ]
Apology for the double post (4.00 / 1)
(nm)

[ Parent ]
Legitimate Issues With Commission (4.67 / 3)
Perhaps the largest issue with the redistricting commission as it is currently constituted is that it is unrepresentative of the people of California.  The commission is 30 people, split with 10 Democrats, 10 Republicans, and 10 Others.  This under-represents Democrats, and over-represents Republicans and Others.  At the last general election, voter registration numbers were 43.7% Democrat (should be 13 members), 29.4% Republican (9), 6% other parties (2) and 20.9% decline to state (6).  

This was one of the bigger concerns with Prop 11 at the outset, and while the results in 2010 were better than expected, I am not sanguine that future outcomes will be as beneficial to the people of California.


[ Parent ]
Results (5.00 / 2)
Sorry
If Democrats don't produce reasonable and useful legislation
They'll lose seats in the future
If they try to run up big deficits, they'll lose seats
Democrats have to produce for California
Plain and simple
That's Democracy

I think they'll do well under Jerry Brown's leadership


[ Parent ]
Agreed (4.50 / 2)
I think the key element of our reforms was Redistricting
You can say enough about the 'do-gooder' League of Women Voters and Common Cause

The final stage in removing the threat that a small Republican minority could hijack the legislature is to COMBINE the state Senate and the Assembly into ONE HOUE
Make our legislature UInicameral with 100 to 120 members

Pipe dream, I know


[ Parent ]
Stopping Extremism (2.00 / 3)
Actually, the best way to stop Political Extremism is for Democrats to DO THEIR JOB

Don't go on any Spending Binges
Don't go Soft on Crime
Don't keep adding to the Welfare State
Do your Jobs

In San Francisco, we're in the midst of turning our public transit agency (MUNI) into a welfare program

First, the Supervisors decided to make MUNI free for 'poor' kids (at the expense of long deferred maintenance)

Now, we're gonna 'means test' MUNI so that welfare recipients ride FREE, the middle class pays for their rides and the Rich pay even more

Pretty Groovy, huh ??

We've already done something similar with our Water Dept., allowing the 'poor' and City workers to get reduced rates for their water


The Democrats' job is to act like Republicans? (5.00 / 2)
How about they act like Democrats instead?

* Pass responsible, progressive budgets which maintain the safety net and infrastructure, while growing the economy.
* Eschew phony "tough on crime" politics in favor of criminal justice policies which actually make the state safer.
* Stop promoting the false notion that economic growth and sound environmental stewardship is an either/or choice.

If we wanted Republicans in charge of the state, we'd have voted for Republicans.


[ Parent ]
Wait did you just inject race into the discussion? (4.50 / 2)
 Define "Spending Binges"?

Soft on Crime? As a country were "Soft" on Corporate Crime and "Hard" on largely meaningless stuff that could be easily solved by just improving the economic lives of the people most likely to commit the sort of crimes you are likely talking about.

I get back to that in a second because there is a huge component in crime that never gets talked about.

Keep adding to the Welfare State? WTF? As a whole the "Welfare State" as you put it is only about 20-30% of GDP Nationally. In France its 60%, talk to me when we start offering programs the French do.

Now about your MUNI rant about you in the middle being forced to pick up the tab for the poor. How about your bitch at your elected officials for not making the rich pay their fair tax burden? In the recent Fiscal Cliff deal the Rich got away with murder of the middle class again. I don't see you ranting about that.

San Francisco has some of the most expensive housing in the US, you can afford to subsidized the poor a bit, you should be lucking they aren't asking you to do more.

Quit your bitchin, you can always move...


[ Parent ]
or Vote (5.00 / 1)
Instead of moving from San Francisco
(and Thanks for the advice... Love it or Leave it, updated)

I'll vote, instead
The clown that pushed 'free' Muni rides over maintenance, David Campos is planning to run for State Assembly
Guess who's NOT gonna Get my vote ??
I slso plan to be at any public forums
I plan to ask him WHY he voted for public nudity
That should make for an interesting response

Stay groovy, djfourmoney

 


[ Parent ]
Good Analysis - thoughts on Prop 14 and I-5 split? (0.00 / 0)
Good piece, thanks. You've really summed up a lot of the action and represented well the response from reasonable Democrats and Progressives in the state.

You left out a big one though in Prop 14 (2010) and I wonder about our State's changing demography and possible side effects of aggressive action to cement Democratic Party Control - including the amount we cede to the National Democratic Party agenda - already so much money leaves California to support candidates, causes and even civic sectors elsewhere.

On demography: I've noticed a tremendous growth in the gulf that may be called the I-5 split or the San Joaquin split - namely, that the coastal and urban areas of our state are firmly blue and more populated, while the rural and inland regions that are less populated grow more Republican. (this is in spite of the immense effect that Latino/Chicano/Hispanic vote is having)

May seem obvious, but this divide has been firmed up in these past five years. Central State and OC make up the GOP in California, right? Is that fair to say? or too general.

There is a clear influence from Arizona, Nevada and Utah on the thinking of the more inland residents of our state. This is not an accident. It is by design and may be considered an assault by conservative interests in those states (cf. Prop 8).

On side effects of giving Democratic Party such control:

We have destroyed the ability for third parties to exist during this period you describe. Prop 14 is going to have long lasting effects, but first is the elimination of Green and Libertarian candidates ... and here you advocate for getting rid of Others because they are over-represented!

I am not convinced that a one-party system is a good way forward, and that, I fear, is where we are inevitably headed. I would agree that stopgap measures have been necessary because of the insanely frustrating behavior of obstructing Republicans, but perhaps you are too naive: the Democratic Party has seized this opportunity as well ... to move Gavin and Kamala into position and to allow Villareal to get what he wants.

I don't know if it's all good.

Personally, though of the left and a progressive, for many many years now I have felt held hostage by the Democratic Party. Many good ideas that progressives spend years promoting take forever to get to these Democrats. (cf. Oil Extraction Tax - my god, how long is this going to take when it is such an obvious good move? How long will the Oil companies own Democrats?)

I mean look at DiFi arguing ferociously during #FISA the other day - wow. I couldn't believe my ears. She sounded like Dick Cheney or Tony Blair talking about the threats out there, fighting against the amendments for more openness about the process of wiretapping and spying.

And don't even get me started on Nancy Pelosi in this regard - things she approved in Washington when Speaker that were in the name of National Security and as olive branches across the aisle ... pffft.

The City of SF would be a great place to have a huge, public airing out of corruption and spacey-rich-kid consciousness that has occupied local government in the name of Democrats. That's what I was trying to do in 2011 when I ran for Mayor. It would be god to have an INDEPENDENT as Mayor or SF or LA or Seattle or Portland to really root through the current Democratic Parties out west and the so-called Progressives who support crazy development (like David Chiu and half the Board in SF).

That's what Green Party and Libertarian Party candidates, and others (independents like myself), are good for. How's that GB Shaw quote from Man and Superman go? "The reasonable man adjusts to fit the world he lives in. The unreasonable man attempts to adjust the world to fit his desires and that is why progress will always only be made by unreasonable men." is that it?

Well, I don't know, but thanks for the piece, it got the juices flowing at 3am. Keep up the good work. Reader since 2007 and a fan.

MTK


correction (0.00 / 0)
Villaraigosa not Villareal. thanks.

[ Parent ]
"inland" CA is getting more democratic (4.00 / 1)
unless you only look at the sierra foothills. the san joaquin valley and inland empire is already mostly represented by democrats and will be increasingly safe D by the end of the decade, and the sacramento valley will follow suit as current demographic shifts continue apace.

if there's a split in CA, it's not along 5, it's along the eastern fall line that divides the valley from the foothills.  


[ Parent ]
A Job Well Done (0.00 / 0)
Ending the 2/3 majority for tax increases is an enormous benefit for the state. And it's just good to see progressives pull together to get this stuff done.

Thanks for putting this up so that everyone can see the progress.


GOP means nothing (0.00 / 0)
I read with interest that the CAGOP is $500,000 in debt and has three employee, two who work from home.  If they have a candidate for any constitutional office next year, I would love to know who they are.  Their county central committees are in shambles and there are no grass roots organizations to lean on.  They can raise some money through the Business Roundtable, but their favorite three words are "self funded candidate".  

They think that their big problem is financial insolvency, but in reality, it is a moral and intellectual insolvency.  The CAGOP has nothing and is nothing.  They are not part of the problem and not part of the solution.  They are nothing.

Democrats own the state.  And I am much encouraged by the new balanced budget that they Governor has announced.  Stay balanced, stay progressive, don't get too far over the skis, and we won't have to talk about the CAGOP again.

Happy New Year.


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